Type 2 diabetes, which used to be called adult-onset
diabetes, can affect people at any age, even children.
However, type 2 diabetes develops most often in middle aged
and older people. People who are overweight and
inactive are also more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance—a
condition that occurs when fat, muscle, and liver cells do
not use insulin to carry glucose into the body’s cells to use
for energy. As a result, the body needs more insulin to help
glucose enter cells. At first, the pancreas keeps up with
the added demand by making more insulin. Over time, the
pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin when blood sugar
levels increase, such as after meals. If your pancreas can
no longer make enough insulin, you will need to treat your
type 2 diabetes.
Treatment for type 2 diabetes includes
● using diabetes medicines
● making healthy food choices
● being physically active
● controlling your blood pressure levels
● controlling your cholesterol levels