Diabetes – What it is

Diabetes is when your blood glucose*, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is the main type of sugar
found in your blood and your main source of energy.
Glucose comes from the food you eat and is also made in your liver and muscles. Your blood carries glucose to all of
your body’s cells to use for energy. Your pancreas—an organ, located between your stomach
and spine, that helps with digestion—releases a hormone it makes, called insulin, into your blood. Insulin helps your
blood carry glucose to all your body’s cells. Sometimes your body doesn’t make enough insulin or the insulin doesn’t
work the way it should. Glucose then stays in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells. Your blood glucose levels get
too high and can cause diabetes or prediabetes. Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can
cause health problems

What is prediabetes?
Prediabetes is when the amount of glucose in your blood is above normal yet not high enough to be called diabetes.
With prediabetes, your chances of getting type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke are higher. With some weight loss
and moderate physical activity, you can delay or prevent type 2 diabetes. You can even return to normal glucose
levels, possibly without taking any medicines.

What are the signs and symptoms of diabetes?
The signs and symptoms of diabetes are
● being very thirsty
● urinating often
● feeling very hungry
● feeling very tired
● losing weight without trying
● sores that heal slowly
● dry, itchy skin
● feelings of pins and needles in your feet
● losing feeling in your feet
● blurry eyesight

Some people with diabetes don’t have any of these signs or symptoms. The only way to know if you have diabetes is to
have your doctor do a blood test.

What kind of diabetes do you have?
The three main types of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. People can develop diabetes at any
age. Both women and men can develop diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes, which used to be called juvenile diabetes, develops most often in young people; however, type 1
diabetes can also develop in adults. In type 1 diabetes…Read More

Type 2 diabetes, which used to be called adult-onset diabetes, can affect people at any age, even children.
However, type 2 diabetes develops most often in middl…Read More

Gestational diabetes can develop when a woman is pregnant. Pregnant women make hormones that can lead to insulin resistance. All women have insulin resistance late in their pregnancy. If… Read More